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    Can Gio international transshipment seaport: A boost for logistics

    The People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City has just submitted to the Government a proposal to build the Can Gio international transshipment port, with an operating capacity of 16-18 million TEUs, which can accommodate large ships up to 24,000 Teu. Investment capital is about 6 billion USD.

    Experts and logistics businesses believe that when this transshipment port is built, it will create a big boost, removing many backlog bottlenecks of existing ports.

    Global container shipping volume by sea increased from 36 million TEUs in 1980 to 237 million TEUs in 2000, reaching approximately 816 million TEUs in 2020 and is expected to reach 945 million TEUs in 2024. Transshipment containers account for about 28% to 30% of total global container shipping volume, or about 265-284 million TEUs by 2024.

    Located on the world’s arterial sea route of Asia – Europe, Europe – America, more than 45% of the world’s transshipment output passes through this region, Vietnam has many opportunities to exploit transshipment goods, but major ports in the region sector has not focused on this category.

    Over the past 15 years, Vietnam has developed a large-scale seaport system, including ports worthy of the role of international seaports such as Cai Mep – Thi Vai.

    “However, up to this point, international transshipment activities at the two gateway ports are almost nonexistent. The ports at Cai Mep – Thi Vai only exploit a small part of goods from Cambodia, connecting via inland waterway transport, with a volume accounting for about 5-6% of the total volume of container cargo through the port, difficult to transport. can be considered as international transshipment. The basic reason is that international container transshipment is almost entirely dependent on shipping lines,” said VIMC’s report.

    Therefore, having the companionship of major shipping lines in international transshipment activities can be seen as paving the way to form transshipment centers in the region, including for Cai Mep regional ports (Ms. Ria – Vung Tau), creating an environment to attract major transport, logistics, trade and financial companies in the world to set up their business headquarters in the region; suitable for the development of Ho Chi Minh City into an international financial center.

    Besides, with the advantage of a 7km shoreline, a capacity of 16-18 million TEUs will receive many mother ships at the same time, meeting the requirements of a transshipment port, helping to solve the current congestion in some ports. due to the limitation of receiving capacity, creating impetus for logistics activities in Vietnam and the region to develop strongly in accordance with the capacity and potential of the new port.

    Sharing the same opinion with the analysis report of Vietnam National Shipping Lines, Mr. Huynh Van Cuong – Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of Saigon Port Joint Stock Company also said that the proposal of MSC – the largest shipping company in the world, Regarding the development of an international transshipment port, it will attract goods from countries in the region such as Singapore and Malaysia through the transshipment port of Vietnam, which is an opportunity to promote the development of international transshipment activities of the country in general. and Cai Mep area in particular.

    Due to the nature of shipping activities, the establishment of an international transshipment port largely depends on shipping lines, so “the investment in a container transshipment terminal in Can Gio does not affect the forecast and investment plan. seaport according to the master plan,” said Mr. Cuong.

    Commenting on the impact of having one more international transshipment port on the operation of existing southern ports, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pham Van Tai of the College of External Economics in Ho Chi Minh City analyzed: Currently In the southern key economic region, we have the port clusters of Ho Chi Minh City, Ba Ria – Vung Tau province and the international port in Long An. However, import and export goods are facing difficulties in customs clearance for many reasons, but they are clearly clogged and have not solved the problem of increased logistics costs, especially in the current period of rising fuel prices. . This affects the economic growth of the region and the country as a whole. The government’s policy to build a super seaport in Can Gio is a breakthrough to finally solve all logistics deadlocks with one solution.

    “Can Gio super port will bring along a series of newly built transport infrastructure connecting not only Ho Chi Minh City but also a series of Mekong Delta and Southeast provinces easily. than because of new construction,” Mr. Tai added.

    A world-class international container transshipment center such as Singapore and Malaysia in Vietnam is an advantage for the Vietnamese economy as well as the region with more options for new transit points.

    According to Huyen Dao